How do kelp forests help sustain the marine ecosystem?

The kelp forests are marine environments that provide food and shelter for species at all levels of the food web. They are actually one of the most productive ocean ecosystems on Earth, supporting a greater diversity of plants and animals than almost any other marine habitat. Giant kelp and bull kelp also play an important role in protecting coastal areas by mitigating the effects of climate change and improving water quality. The role of kelp forests is indispensable to the marine ecosystem as they:

⦁ Absorb carbon dioxide
⦁ Shelter sea life
⦁ Protect the shoreline
⦁ Support coastal economies
⦁ Fuel the food web